1. Feedstock and Sustainability

  • Agricultural based feedstocks are expensive and availability is limited.
  • Inexpensive biomass based and conventional feedstock with high acid content (acidic crude oil, pyrolysis oil, biocrude, tall oil fatty acids, palm fatty acid distillate, acidulated soapstock, recycled grease, etc.) can not be cost effectively processed by current technology.

2. Technology

  • High capital cost of large scale plants.
  • High production cost of first generation technology
  • Limited availability of economically feasible next generation technologies.

Feedstock cost and availability are the most significant challenges facing conventional and alternative fuel refiners. By including biomass based oils like pyrolysis oil and biocrude, as well as, conventional feedstock such as crude vegetable oils, fats and greases, alternative fuel refiners can add relatively inexpensive, high availability feedstock. Similarly, by improving the ability to handle heavy, acidic crude, conventional refiners can lower their feedstock cost and increase the flexibility of their opeations.

Next generation technologies (like the HS Reactor SystemTM) enable these processors to tap into additional less expensive, high acidity feedstock and benefit from the price differential.